There are few countries with the tourism potential of Romania. Its rich history and natural landscapes has brought nearly 10m tourists to Romania in 2010, a number which has doubled inside 10 years.
Romania has several sites listed by UNESCO, among them the Danube Delta Reserve, Villages in Transylvania, the Monastery of Horezu, and the historic centre of Sighişoara.Those interested in castles have literally dozens to choose from, most notably Bran Castle and Dracul’s castle in Transylvania. For the outdoor type, there are 13 national parks covering 3200 sq km and further “natural” parks of 7500 sq km. Beach holidays have grown in popularity at destinations like Constanta and Marmaris.
The history of Romania is a complex affair. The region was occupied by the Romans, the Byzantines, and the Ottoman Empire. It was only in 1859 that the Kingdom of Romania emerged under Prince Alexander John Cuza. In WW2 the country was invaded by the Red Army and was forced to become members of the Warsaw Pact of Communist countries. This ended in 1989 with the fall of Nicolae Ceaușescu, but what followed was a decade of economic stagnation and uncertainty.
Today, Romania has joined the European Union and is a member of NATO.