Capital: Andorra la Vella
Language: Mostly Catalan
All but lost between France and Spain, like the fairy tale pea in the mattresses, the pocket-sized princedom principality of Andorra comprises just a handful of mountainous landscapes and meandering rivers – but the skiing is the best in the Pyrenees.
The total area of the country is 468km2. The highest point is the peak of Coma Pedrosa at 2,942m, and the lowest point is the frontier post with Catalonia, at 838m. Andorra has the mountainous and abrupt relief typical of high mountain areas.
The climate is high mountain type with Mediterranean influences, winter temperatures are low and in summer they are mild, with large variations taking place according to altitude and orientation. Andorra enjoys a high percentage of sunny days and the climate is dry. The average annual minimum is -2ºC and the average maximum is 24ºC. Autumn is the season with the highest rainfall while in winter there are abundant snowfalls.
The population is concentrated in the two big towns of Andorra la Vella and Escaldes, which are, with Pas de la Casa, the main centres of trade and business in the country. Other centres of secondary importance in numbers of inhabitants are Encamp and Sant Juli de Lria, which are centres of population but much less commercial than the capital and its surroundings.